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A Model for Low Power Wireless Sensor Network for Forest Environmental Monitoring: Case Study Of Usambara Forest Mountains
Focus of this research is develop low power consumption, low cost and real-time wireless sensor network for monitoring of environmental change of the forest to ensure that continuously data of temperature change and relative humidity will be collected and processed to the central database for further action. Wireless sensor nodes that are deployed to various locations in a forest can collect temperature, humidity and barometric pressure values and deliver this highly important data to the sink without requiring a manual control at the control center(Y. E. Y. Aslan, Korpeoglu, and Ulusoy 2012). However, the limited energy resources of the sensor nodes and the though environmental conditions can hinder the success of forest environmental monitoring system that is based on wireless sensor nodes(Y. Aslan, Korpeoglu, and Ulusoy 2012).
The sensing quality of environmental monitoring is influenced by number of factors including, the critical issue of the energy efficiency. Proper communication protocols and processing algorithms need to be developed to save the energy of the battery and hence to extend the WSN lifetime.
In this work, the sensing algorithm will be designed in such a way that it results in good sensing quality of environmental monitoring with low energy consumption and low cost. The proposed algorithm will extend the network lifetime achieves a high accuracy.
Wireless sensor network, low-power, environmental monitoring, energy efficiency.
Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology